Hyper Text Markup Language

Hyper Text Markup Language


3 min read

In late 1991 , Tim Berners-Lee mentioned his first publicly available description called as "HTML TAGS" on the internet which describes 18 elements consisting of the initial and relatively simple design of HTML. It consists of text, images other material into visual and audible way.

You might wonder what is HTML ,why do you use it and how?

HTML is a Hyper Text Markup language , which is used as a frontend designed to displayed in web browser. Imagine you are building and designing a car , a car is incomplete without its body ,HTML provides the functionality of a body which designs the structure of a web page. HTML is assisted by other frontends such as CSS(cascading style sheets) and JAVA SCRIPT which is a scripting language. CSS is the car paint used for decorating and java script is the car engine. Web browsers uses HTML from web server and displays the web pages . Appearance of the web page totally depends on html ,it provides systematic, semantic and appealing view to the web page. Images , structure and links can be embedded into the web page. Behavior of the web page is control with the help of Java script and inclusion of CSS offers and maintains the design and look of the content in the web page.

#TAGS :- Heading ,paragraphs ,lists, links ,quotes and other elements are described using angle brackets called as tags. Some tags are mentioned below : 1.head 2.body 3.sec 4.button 5.input 6.link 7.img Some tags such as "paragraph "provides and highlights the information in a text format. Browsers uses these tags to interpret the content of pages both in an image as well as in text format but tags are not displayed.

A specific element can be written in a format given below :-

  1. It begins with an opening tag enclosed in an angle bracket "< >".
  2. The content or text to be displayed is mentioned next .
  3. Followed by closing tag enclosed in angle brackets which includes a forward slash before the element name "< />".

In many fields especially in Data science where collecting information and storing it is the key feature of the field ,HTML allows to construct table which helps in storing and retrieving information in a systematic and formal way.

#ATTRIBUTES :- Some elements may contain special information and attributes which does not appear on the actual content, class attribute helps to target an element as a common identifier. An attribute should be in a format given below:-

  1. A space between attribute and element.
  2. The attribute name followed by an equal sign.
  3. It is enclosed within opening and closing quotation mark.

#SPECIFIC USES OF HTML:- (i) PUBLISH ONLINE DOCUMENTS with heading tags ,text , images ,tables and lists (ii) RETRIEVE ONLINE INFORMATION via hypertext links and connect with web pages at a click of a button. (iii) DESIGN FORMS to search for information ,collecting data , making reservation , ordering products ,creating MCQ tests. (iv) You can also include audio clips and video clips .

Did you find this article valuable?

Support TechLearn India by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!